The article defines the contents and methods of professional and pedagogical culture of a primary school teacher. In addition, the specified contents that must be defined during the formation of professional and pedagogical culture of primary school teacher and special knowledge are analyzed. It is necessary to clarify the position of the research phenomenon caused by professional pedagogical culture of a primary school teacher. Belonging to cultural and social phenomena to higher world humanistic spiritual values discovers the meaning of all human actions, and causes its relationship with others in space and time beyond its actual existence. Identifying this relationship, the process of human cognition is in the form of motion artifact to make sense of things to its values, from simple mapping of human consciousness to understand what prompted the man to the act of creation. Within the practice-oriented approach to the knowledge of the essence of professional and pedagogical culture of a primary school teacher, this process takes place as the ascent of the particular facts of practical teaching activity performed by a personified entity, a creator, a subject specific teacher to understand his worldview and values that are reflected in the purpose and methods of its activity, reproducible them norms of social interaction of the teacher and his pupils. The discussions of the contents of the practice-oriented approach in the context of the knowledge of professional pedagogical culture of a teacher of primary school and the possibility of its purposeful formation cannot be complete without having to not pay attention to the fact that the category of «culture» accumulates the manner of a man who distinguishes his activity on any other forms. It is practical activity of people is a prerequisite for a valid reason and the whole cultural history. So, summing up, it should be noted that the feature content knowledge and pedagogical culture of a professional primary school teacher in the context of the practice-oriented approach is the awareness of professional experience and educational activities as a unique practice that has its creator – the author with all its uniqueness subjective features and personal uniqueness, due to certain historical time and the level of the existing culture. This author’s human sense of professional and pedagogical practice provides knowledge of culture-compliance.