2011 | 1(15) | 110-122
Article title

Dwie wizje rządzenia decentracją i recentracja procesów rządzenia

Title variants
he Two Futures of Governing : Decentering and recentering Processes in Governing
Languages of publication
Reformy sektora publicznego, prowadząc do wzrostu jego efektywności i skuteczności, wywołują zarazem wiele problemów. Zarówno Nowe Zarządzanie Publiczne (New Public Management), jak i reformy współzarządzania (Governance) przyczyniły się do ich zaistnienia. W znaczącej mierze mają one charakter polityczny. Odzwierciedlają skłonność do nadmiernego eksponowania administracyjnych aspektów tych reform kosztem wartości demokratycznych. Dostrzegając te problemy, rządy wielu krajów reagują na nie poprzez tworzenie instrumentów metawspółzarządzania, które mogą okazać się pomocne w sterowaniu organizacjami publicznymi. Zastosowanie tych instrumentów wiąże się z wykonywaniem mniej bezpośredniego nadzoru i kontroli. W tekście tym poruszono zagadnienie przywracania kontroli politycznej nad politykami publicznymi w sposób respektujący autonomię organizacji publicznych, a zarazem zapewniający zaangażowanie sieci politycznych w procesy rządzenia.
Reforms of the public sector have helped create a more eicient and efective public sector, but also have created a number of problems. Both, the New Public Management and "governance" reforms have contributed to the contemporary problems in governing. hese problems have been political to a great extent, relecting the tendency to emphasize administrative rather than democratic values. Governments have begun to react to the real and perceived problems within the public sector by developing a number of "meta-governance" instruments that can help steer public organizations but which involve less direct command and control. his paper addresses the contemporary governance tasks of restoring political direction and policy coherence while at the same supporting the autonomy of public organizations, and the involvement of policy networks, in governing.
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