Życie codzienne mnicha cenobity w Egipcie na podstawie reguły św. Pachomiusza
Everyday life of cenobite monk in Egypt based on the „rule” of Pachomius
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The article presents the everyday life of cenobite monk starting from attempting to describe the ancient monastery itself, by showing the buildings in it, such as living quarters called “houses”. In monastery there were also everyday usable rooms like “the place of praying” where monks were praying and weaving baskets or “the chamber of sick”. Pachomius thought also about economic buildings such as workshops, store-rooms and many kinds of storehouses. Next part of the article is concerned about all functions, which monks could take charge of. First of all there was the superior of the monastery who had almost absolute authority, than his “second”, who was his substitute. Also each house separately had his superior and his “second”. In Pachomius’ monastery we can find a minister, who was taking care of things connected with work and a very important gate keeper and also workers like: gardeners, cooks bakers and raftsmen. In the final part article shows how does the prayers, which were very important in the monastery, look like and when they took place. We can get known with the work, almost as important as the prayers, which happened in the monastery and outside at the fields. Monks had also free time consisted of sleeping and the meals. Pachomius was a soldier so he put in his “Rule” much precepts about discipline and obedience to superiors, which checked up very good for his monks and later monastic life.
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