Controversies and paradoxes of social policy: Theoretical approach
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Welfare reforms are carried out by government to solve problems of citizens and to improve their quality of life. However, social interventions also generate various consequences, that are unintended and unanticipated. The aim of the article is to investigate and to systemize such controversial and paradoxical outcomes. Basing on the historical facts, they were divided into three groups: (1) expanding the problem that was to be solved (2) expanding the opposite problem to the solved one, (3) expanding other problem. These outcomes are arguments against welfare programs, that were formulated already by classical researchers (T.R. Malthus, G. Bentham, D. Ricardo, H. Spencer), and currently are being maintained and developed by modern scholars. They focus mainly on: moral hazard, freeriding, incentive traps, and crowding-out individual engagement.
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