Daleki Wschód w raportach dyplomatycznych i wspomnieniach Stanisława Patka
The Far East in Diplomatic Reports and Memoirs of Stanisław Patek
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Stanisław Patek (1866–1944) was a diplomat, politician and lawyer; in 1921–1926 he was a Polish envoy to Tokyo, Japan, and till 1924 – an envoy to Peking, China. Patek’s analysis of the economic and political situation in the Far East in the 1920s was extremely colourful and accurate. He presented the whole plot of international events that determined the situation in that region, rivalries between great powers and their consequences for the world’s policy-makers. The processes and phenomena in that region were of special importance both for the Second World War with its impact on the international system in the second half of the 20th century, and for the modern day. The invasion of Japanese forces in Manchuria on 18th September 1931 was the first step to the implementation of great Japanese plans of expansion to China; in consequence Tokyo’s policy got closer to the policies of Berlin and Rome which led to the emergence of the Axis alliance. Divided and then united China, competing and fighting with Japan, gathered all the threads of politics of the great powers, such as Soviet Russia and the United States. China was becoming an integral part of world’s policy, although not to such a great degree as at present.
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