Je možná nová klasifikace českých kompozit?
Is a New Classification of Czech Compounds Possible?
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The article offers an overview of Czech compounding based on the classification put forward by Sergio Scalise and Antonietta Bisetto (cf. Bisetto — Scalise 2005; Scalise — Bisetto 2009). The classification is based on a combination of two hierarchical levels of analysis. The upper level divides compounds according to the grammatical (or syntactic) relation between the constituents into coordinate, subordinate and attributive structures. The lower level splits each of the three “macrotypes” into endocentric and exocentric compounds (on the basis of the presence / absence of a head). It is only at this point that the different lexical categories enter the scheme giving rise to various combinations (such as A + N, V + N and so on). Against the background of such a classification, which is in some important respects divergent from the onomasiological approach, the paper also concentrates on two special cases: first, on so‑called parasynthetic compounds of the type modrooký, vysokoškolský, bezvětří, nosorožec and others; second, on so‑called juxtapositions (spřežky), such as pomstychtivý or smysluplný, which are usually left aside within the onomasiological framework not being considered as fully‑fledged compounds.
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