PL EN


Journal
2013 | Edukacja. An interdisciplinary approach 1 | 115–134
Article title

The International Standard Classification of Education ISCED: the standard from Sevrès or Satan’s trick?

Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The aim of the ISCED classification was to compare educational resources in different countries. One of the reasons why the classification fails is that it does not reflect the specific characteristics of educational systems in individual countries and as a result creates an oversimplified image of the role of education in contemporary societies. In Poland, the national classification provides a better tool than the ISCED for specifying the role of education, which is demonstrated by the results of the 2010 European Social Survey. The advantage of national classification over the ISCED follows from the fact that it takes changes and reforms in the Polish educational system into consideration. These empirical results speak for supplementing standards with national classifications for education which allow specific characteristics of education systems to be taken into account in inter-country comparison. This would be a step towards functional harmonisation, a concept abandoned after the year 2000 which was replaced with methodological rigor. In the discussion possible reasons are outlined for why researchers find using the ISCED more appropriate for their countries than constructing their own instruments.
Journal
Year
Pages
115–134
Physical description
Dates
issued
2013-08-30
Contributors
  • Educational Research Institute
References
  • Barone, C. and Werfhorst van de, H. G. (2011). Education, cognitive skills and earnings in comparative perspective. International Sociology, 26(4), 483–502.
  • Becker, G. S. (1964). Human capital: a theoretical and empirical analysis, with special reference to education. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Brown, M. and Uher R. (2003). The ISSP and its approach to background variables. In J. H. P. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik and Ch. Wolf (eds.), Advances in cross-national comparison. A European working book for demographic and socio-economic variables (pp. 33–47). New York, Kluwer Academic.
  • Cichomski, B., Jerzyński, T. and Zieliński, M. (2009). Polskie Generalne Sondaże Społeczne: struktura skumulowanych wyników badań 1992–2008 [Polish General Social Surveys: the structure of the cumulative results of studies from 1992 to 2008]. Warszawa: Instytut Studiów Społecznych, Uniwersytet Warszawski.
  • Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S. G. and Aiken, L. S. (2003). Applied Multiple Regression/Correlation Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (3rd ed.). Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • GUS [Główny Urząd Statystyczny - Central Statistical Office] (2010). Oświata i wychowanie w roku szkolnym 2008/2009 [Education in the school year 2008/2009]. Warszawa: Główny Urząd Statystyczny.
  • Domański, H. and Sawiński, Z. (2012). Validity of the EGP class schema in Poland. In J. H. P. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik and U. Warner (eds.), Demographic Standards for Surveys and Polls in Germany and Poland – National and European Dimension (pp. 149–167). GESIS Series, vol. 10. Köln: GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences.
  • Ehling, M. (2003). Harmonising data in official statistics. In J. H. P. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik and Ch. Wolf (eds.), Advances in cross-national comparison. A European working book for demographic and socio-economic variables (pp. 17–30). New York, Kluwer Academic.
  • Erikson, R. and Goldthorpe, J. H. (1992). The Constant Flux: A Study of Class Mobility in Industrial Societies. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • ESS [European Social Survey] (2012a). ESS 5 – 2010 Documentation Report. Appendix A1: Education. The ESS Data Archive. Retrieved from http://ess.nsd.uib.no/
  • ESS (2012b). European Social Survey Cumulative File, ESS 1-5 (2012). Data file edition 1.0. Norwegian Social Science Data Services, Norway – Data Archive and distributor of ESS data. Retrieved from http://ess.nsd.uib.no/
  • Eurydice (2010). The system of education in Poland. Warsaw: Eurydice. Retrieved from http://www.eurydice.org.pl/sites/eurydice.org.pl/files/the_system_2010.pdf
  • Hanushek, E. A. and Woessmann, L. (2011). How much do educational outcomes matter in OECD countries? Economic Policy, 26(67), 427–491.
  • Heyns, B. and Białecki, I. (1993). Educational Inequalities in Postwar Poland. In Y. Shavit and H.-P. Blossfeld (eds.), Persistent inequality: changing educational attainment in thirteen countries (pp. 303–335). Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.
  • Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik, J. H. P. and Wolf, C. (2003). Comparing Demographic and Socio-Economic Variables Across Nations. Synthesis and Recommendations. In J. H. P. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik and C. Wolf (eds.), Advances in cross-national comparison. A European working book for demographic and socio-economic variables (pp. 387–406). New York: Kluwer Academic.
  • Mach, B. W. and Kryszczuk, M. D. (2008). The ISCED-97 in the Polish context. In S. L. Schneider (ed.), The International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED-97). An Evaluation of content and criterion validity for 15 European countries (pp. 226–235). Mannheim: Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES).
  • Ortiz, L. (2008). Evaluation of the ISCED-97 for the Spanish system of education. In S. L. Schneider (ed.), The International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED-97). An evaluation of content and criterion validity for 15 European countries (pp. 125–148). Mannheim: Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES).
  • Rose, D. and Harrison, E. (eds.). (2010). Social class in Europe. An introduction to the European Socio-economic classification. London and New York: Routledge.
  • Sawiński, Z. (2012). Pursuit of validity in comparing education across countries: insights from Polish experiences. In J. H. P. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik and U. Warner (eds.), Demographic standards for surveys and polls in Germany and Poland – national and European dimension (pp. 103–121). GESIS Series, vol. 10. Köln: GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences.
  • Schneider, S. L. (2008). Suggestions for the cross-national measurement of educational attainment: refining the ISCED-97 and improving data collection and coding procedures. In S. L. Schneider (ed.), The International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED-97). An evaluation of content and criterion validity for 15 European countries (pp. 311–330). Mannheim: Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES).
  • Schultz, T. W. (1961). Investment in Human Capital. American Economic Review, 51(1), 1–17.
  • Schwartz, Sh. H. (2007). Value orientations: measurement, antecedents and consequences across nations. In R. Jowell, C. Roberts, R. Fitzgerald and G. Eva, Lessons from the European Social Survey (pp. 169–203). London: SAGE Publications.
  • Shavit, Y. and Blossfeld, H.-P. (eds.). (1993). Persistent inequality: changing educational attainment in thirteen countries. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.
  • UNESCO [United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization] (2003). International Standard Classification of Education, ISCED 1997. In J. H. P. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik and Ch. Wolf (eds.), Advances in cross-national comparison. A European working book for demographic and socio-economic variables (pp. 195–220). New York: Kluwer Academic.
  • UNESCO (2011). Revision of the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED). UNESCO, General Conference, 36 C/19, 5 September 2011. Retrieved from http://www.uis.unesco.org/Education/Documents/UNESCO_GC_36C-19_ISCED_EN.pdf
  • UNESCO (2012). International Standard Classification of Education ISCED 2011. Montreal: UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.uis.unesco.org/Education/Documents/isced-2011-en.pdf
  • World Bank (2012). GDP per capita. The World Bank on-line service. Retrieved from http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD
Notes
EN
http://www.edukacja.ibe.edu.pl/images/numery/2013/6-8-sawinski-isced.pdf
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-af4900f8-a8e7-4dfc-a691-0bfc90b0b5b8
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.