Taking into consideration a few articles available to Polish readers devoted to “Przegląd Orientalistyczny” (PO) – with the last of them published in 2003 – this article forms an attempt at supplementing especially the more recent history of the only journal in the Polish language devoted to Oriental and African studies. It evolved from the journal “Myśl Karaimska”, as a periodical (a yearly) under the auspices of Polish Oriental Society. Its first number for the year 1948 appeared in 1949 with Prof. Ananiasz Zajączkowski as the editor-in-chief who was also the president of Polish Oriental Society (1949–1958). In the year 1953, PO was officially declared to be the organ of Polish Oriental Society with Prof. Jan Reychman as its new editor-in-chief and from then it has been published as a quarterly. In 1963, Prof. Stanisław Kałużyński became the new editor-in-chief and continued his work until 2003, when Prof. Danuta Stasik took over his duties, working with the editorial team to build up the reputation of PO listed by the Polish Ministry of Higher Education and ERIH (The European Reference Index for the Humanities).