2016 | 16 | 2(38) | 169-190
Article title

The impact of energy efficiency on performance in service sector

Title variants
Wpływ wydajności energetycznej na kondycję sektora usług
Languages of publication
In this paper the emphasis is put on the specifics of energy efficiency impact on the profitability of the service sector, with special insight into trade. The theoretical and methodological presentations are illustrated by applying the comparative approach, on the original empirical data of the European Union and Serbia. To a certain extent, so as to thoroughly analyse the problem, we used the data from the surveys conducted in the United States of America, Canada and Russia. The results of empirical research show that energy efficiency in the service sector in Serbia is considerably lower than in the European Union and other countries with developed market economy. Given that, it is necessary to introduce appropriate measures to improve energy efficiency of the service sector in Serbia in the future. These are: modern energy technologies, increase of renewable energy share in total final energy consumption, reduction of energy consumption throughout the entire supply chain, reduction of carbon dioxide emissions related to the energy consumption, construction of energy efficient office buildings and retail facilities, and improvement of the existing. The ultimate effects of this are to improve profitability in the service sector in Serbia.
W niniejszym artykule nacisk położono na specyfikę oddziaływania wydajności energetycznej na rentowność w sektorze usług, a zwłaszcza handlu. Zagadnienia teoretyczne i metodologiczne są prezentowane poprzez podejście komparatywne, przy wykorzystaniu oryginalnych empirycznych danych Unii Europejskiej i Serbii. Do pewnego stopnia, aby dokładnie przeanalizować poruszany problem, wykorzystano dane z badań ankietowych przeprowadzonych w Stanach Zjednoczonych Ameryki, w Kanadzie i Rosji. Wyniki badań empirycznych wskazują, że wydajność energetyczna w sektorze usług w Serbii jest relatywnie niższa aniżeli w Unii Europejskiej i innych krajach z rozwiniętą gospodarką rynkową. Mając to na uwadze, należy przedsięwziąć odpowiednie kroki, aby podnieść wydajność energetyczną w serbskim sektorze usług w przyszłości. Sugerowanymi środkami są: nowoczesne technologie energetyczne, wzrost udziału odnawialnych energii w całkowitej konsumpcji energii, ograniczanie zużycia energii w całych łańcuchach logistycznych, redukcja emisji dwutlenku węgla wynikającej z konsumpcji energii, tworzenie nowych, wydajnych energetycznie oraz modernizacja już istniejących budynków. Końcowym rezultatem tych działań ma być poprawa rentowności sektora usług w Serbii.
Physical description
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