Studium Konserwacji Dzieł Sztuki Akademii Sztuk Pięknych w Krakowie
THE COURSES IN CONSERVATION OF WORKS OF ART AT THE HIGH SCHOOL OF ARTS, CRACOW
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In the article is given a short history of creation and development ,of the Courses of Conservation at the High School of Arts, Cracow the tradition of which can foe traced as far back as to the il'9th century. The actually existing Courses were called into being in 1'9'50 after integration of the two teaching institutions, namely the Academy ,of Fine Arts and the Higher School of Arts, Cracow. Within actual organizational structure of Courses the re are th re e chairs, two of them having an additional division, teaching the students in two specialized lines — conservation of easel and mural paintings as well as conservation of indoor and architectural sculpture. To the Chair of Conservation of Mural Paintings and Architectural Sculpture headed by Docent Władysław Zalewski are subordinated the atelier of conservation of mural paiintings, that of conservation of architectural sculpture, the atelier of inventorying and copies, and the division of documentation and inventorying. To the Chair of Conservation of Easel Paintings and Wood Sculpture, headed by Docent Zofia Medwecka, are subdued the following: ateliler of easel pa'mting conservation, atelier of wood sculpture conservation, division of physics and applied chemistry, headed by R. Biliński, chem. eng., and the two laboratories — of applied physics and th a t of applied chemistry. The Chair of Technology and Painting Techniques, headed by Docent Dr. Władysław Slesiński, comprises the atelier of painting technology, th a t of painting techniques, technological laboratory, documentation a r chive and a specialized library. Among the members of teaching staff can be listed monument conservators, a rt historians, a physist, the chemists, a microbiologist, and also the practicizing painters and sculptors. In the furthe r parts of the article an information is given by the author regarding the duration of studies supplemented by practices as well as that concerning the course and programmes of studies or capacities required from candidates. Short characteristics have been given by the author of facilities and apparatus used in ateliers f,or conservation purposes and already ranging to the world standards normally found in equipment of th a t kind. It is this standard which allows to undertake the complex tasks in the field of conservation, among them those connected with practical purposes, research, technical works or with preparing of documentation. The Courses in their actual form and functions may to some extent be compared with a research institute furnished with both suitable equipment and materials, the sufficient atelier conditions and the scientific staff. Much more exhaustive information has been given by the author with regard to th e scope and character of activities conducted in three lines, namely th a t instructive, scientific research and conservation se rvices. Discussing the first of the above lines the author characterized the qualities of a student and g ra duate, the curriculum, materials used during exercises, subjects of diploma works, achievements in the scientific and research work and also gave information on admission of research students and r e - educational courses for conservators. Dealing with matters connected with the second line of activities she gave a comprehensive explanation of programme of scientific and research works undertaken and carried out by particular Chairs and Divisions and also the publishing and publicity actions for the sake of conservation and protection of cultural property. Finally, commenting the activities in the field of conservation services 1 she explained the forms of co-operation with field conservators, museums, galleries, artists and a r t historians and manufacturers of painting materials and those applied in conservation as well.
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