PL EN


2018 | 531 | 180-189
Article title

Pieniądz cyfrowy banków centralnych − wnioski z analizy wybranych koncepcji

Content
Title variants
EN
Central banks digital currency – conclusions from the analysis of selected concepts
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
PL
Celem artykułu jest analiza elementów wybranych koncepcji emisji pieniądza cyfrowego przez banki centralne oraz sformułowanie na tej podstawie wniosków dotyczących realizacji idei CBDC w praktyce banków centralnych. W opracowaniu wykorzystano analizę raportów banków centralnych wybranych państw rozważających wprowadzenie niefizycznej formy pieniądza banku centralnego, będącej powszechnym prawnym środkiem płatniczym, oraz opracowań naukowych dotyczących konsekwencji różnych podejść do tego zagadnienia. Rozpatrywane koncepcje pieniądza cyfrowego banku centralnego należy traktować jako projekty systemów płatności detalicznych. Funkcjonujące obecnie tego rodzaju systemy stworzone przez uczestników rynku zapewniają wygodę, sprawność i bezpieczeństwo rozliczeń w danej walucie oraz cieszą się zaufaniem publicznym. Aspekty te nie mogą więc stanowić uzasadnienia wprowadzenia rewolucyjnych zmian, polegających na przejęciu głównej roli w ich organizacji przez banki centralne.
EN
The aim of the article is to analyze the elements of selected concepts of digital money issued by central banks and to formulate conclusions on the basis of the CBDC (Central Bank Digital Currency) idea in the practice of central banks. The study uses the analysis of documents and reports of central banks of selected countries considering the introduction of non-phisical form of central bank money as a universal legal tender and scientific studies on the consequences of various approaches to this issue. The analyzed central bank digital currency concepts should be treated as retail payment schemes. Currently operating retail payment systems created by market participants − due to systemic oversight − provide convenience, efficiency and security and enjoy public trust. These aspects cannot, therefore, justify the introduction of revolutionary changes, which consist in taking over the central role in their organization by central banks.
Keywords
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-b2bff12a-2275-46ac-a0c1-757d1cb598cd
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