2014 | XCIII (93) | 275-287
Article title

Strategie wyborcze w świetle wybranych teoretycznych modeli głosowania

Title variants
Election strategies in the light of chosen voting models
Languages of publication
Nowadays, the politicians’ behavior is a matter of interest not only for political scientists but also economists. Conducted analyses are mostly based on formal models. Although the created models are imperfect, they have an important element of a positive analysis. The purpose of this article is to present selected voting models and their conclusions for election strategies. This article discusses three models: median voter model, probabilistic voting model and a model of partisan politics. The first model is widely known concept and is treated as an introduction to the characteristics of the next two models. Two further models are now frequently used concepts in political economics, which tries to explain the behavior of politicians and its influence on the society and economy. If it is possible to determine the preferences of the median voter, the politicians will behave opportunistically and adapt programs (economic policy) to the voters. There is a complete convergence of election programs. In opposite situations (preferences of the median voter cannot be determined) divergence of election programs may appear.
Physical description
  • Katedra Funkcjonowania Gospodarki, Instytut Ekonomii, Wydział Ekonomiczno-Socjologiczny, Uniwersytet Łódzki,
  • Alesina A., Credibility and political convergence in a two-party system with rational voters, American Economic Review 1988/78, s. 796–805.
  • Alshadev G., Which political economy model for public finance?, Mimeo Delta, Paris 2004.
  • Besley T., Coate S., An economic model of representative democracy, Quarterly Journal of Economics 1997/110, s. 85–114.
  • Black D., Decisions of a Committee Using a Special Majority, Econometrica 1948/16, s. 245–261.
  • Black D., On the Rationale of Group Decision-making, Journal of Political Economy 1948/56, s. 23–34.
  • Black D., The Theory of Committees and Elections, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1958.
  • Congleton R.D., The Median Voter Model, George Mason University, Center for Study of Public Choice, Fairfax, VA 2002.
  • Coughlin P.J., Probabilistic Voting Theory, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge – New York 1992.
  • Downs A., An Economic Theory of Democracy, Harper Collins, New York 1957.
  • Hill P.J., Public Choice: A Review, Faith & Economics 199934, s. 1–10.
  • Hillman A.L., Public Finance and Public Policy. Responsibilities and Limitations of Government, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge – New York 2003.
  • Jakubowski M., Teoria wyboru społecznego, [w:] J. Wilkin (red.), Teoria wyboru publicznego, Scholar, Warszawa 2012.
  • Mueller D.C., Public Choice III, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge – New York 2003.
  • Osborne M.J., Slivinski A., A Model of Political Competition with Citizen Candidates, Quarterly Journal of Economics 1996 CXI, s. 65–96.
  • Ossokina I.V., Swank O.H., The optimal degree of polarization, European Journal of Political Economy 2004/20, s. 255–262.
  • Persson T., Tabellini G., Political Economics. Explaining Economic Policy, MIT Press, Cambridge 2000.
  • Wittman D., Candidate motivation: a synthesis of alternatives, American Political Science Review 1983/77, s. 142–157.
  • Wittman D., Candidates with policy preferences: a dynamic model, Journal of Economic Theory 1977/14, s. 180–189.
  • Wittman D., Parties as Utility Maximizers, American Political Science Review 1973/67, s. 490–498.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.