Rozwój i perspektywy ruchów migracyjnych do Unii Europejskiej
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Development and perspectives of immigration movements to the European Union
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The aim of the article is to characterize the development of illegal influx of people from the Near East and Africa to Europe since 2015, commonly known as the “refugee crisis”. The research problem is to show the scale of currently ongoing migratory movements to the European Union against the backdrop of earlier migratory streams and to forecast possible future developments of migration. The author puts forward the thesis that the currently observed movements of people are just a part of greater migratory streams to Europe that became intensified in the period since 2015 due to armed conflicts in some of the Arab states. A hypothesis is also formulated that in the future further intensive development of migratory movements to European Union can be expected due to predicted marked population growth in the countries of Africa and the Near East. The study is based on analysis of statistical data on migratory movements published by Eurostat (European Statistical Office), Frontex (European Border and Coast Guard Agency) and the United Nations Organization.
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