The article presents the theoretical and pedagogical analysis of the formation of artistic and performance skills of the future pianists from China in terms of vocational training; disclosed the scientific approach (art history, cultural, educational), based on which the concepts of “skill” and “performance art” are generalized. In order to enrich the theoretical and methodological framework the author suggested his own interpretation of the concept of “artistic and performance skills”, developed its structure in the relationship of the following components: personal-motivation, competency, reflexive. Analysis of educational, cultural and philosophical research papers made possible disclosure of the nature, structure and content of such concepts as “skill”, “mastery”. The results of this analysis have established the theoretical basis for the definition of the key concept of the study “Art and mastery”, which we understand as a higher level of complex theoretical, technological, psychological and pedagogical knowledge and techniques of the instrumentalist aimed at disclosing the artistic content of music, formed in the process of training and implemented in the educational and performing activities. The structure of artistic and performance skills of the future pianists from China is defined and analyzed. It is represented by the following interrelated components: personality, motivation, competence, reflective. Personality-motivational component includes emotional and volitional characteristics and motivation of the future pianist from China, performs catalytic function and highlights the psychological readiness and ability of the individual to exercise artistic and performing activities, leads to the improvement of their own professional experience. Competence component performs information, orientation, transmitting function, represented by the unity of educational, cultural, musical and theoretical expertise as well as a set of skills that ensure practical realization of artistic and performance skills of the future pianist from China. Reflexive component contains critical and heuristic principles, serving as a source of new knowledge, performing a regulatory function. Prospects for further scientific research. The study does not cover all issues of the formation process of artistic and performance skills of the future pianists from China. It opens the prospect for a better understanding of conditions, factors, patterns, forming technology features of artistic and performance skills of the future professionals in the later stages of professional pedagogical training.