Философские и научные аспекты постнеклассической онтологии
Philosophical and scientific aspects of postnonclassical ontology
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Postnonclassical ontology focuses on fundamental systems, stable network and integral covers integrating all aspects of the spiritual life. Currently, postnonclassical philosophy of ontology usually manifests itself through the scientific picture of the world - a holistic image of the object of scientific research in its major system - structural characteristics, formed by basic notions, concepts and principles of science at every stage of its historical development. The three stages: the first scientific revolution based on the principles of classical mechanics, the second - based on probabilistic concepts to describe the physical, biological and technical worlds, and - the third, currently emerging are investigated, this third - in more detail. The scientific picture of the world in contemporary philosophy, is also investigated in a more narrow sense, as a disciplinary ontology, representing the type of scientific theoretical knowledge in the special sciences. If natural science disciplinary ontology developed well enough, then this process in the humanitarian sphere is only beginning to emerge. The necessity of these scientific pictures of the world and the corresponding methodology are considered.
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