ІНФОРМАЦІЙНИЙ ПОТЕНЦІАЛ ВІТЧИЗНЯНИХ ТА ЗАРУБІЖНИХ АРХІВОСХОВИЩ У ВИВЧЕННІ ІСТОРІЇ ВИЩОЇ ОСВІТИ УКРАЇНИ В КІНЦІ ХІХ – НА ПОЧАТКУ ХХ СТ.
Informational Potential of Domestic and ForeignArchives for Research of History of Higher Education in Ukraine at the end of 19th – beginning of 20th century.
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The paper attempts to reveal the significance of archive collections and Manuscript repository for investigation of development of higher education in Ukraine at the end of 19th – beginning of 20th century. It is emphasized that active appeal to the original sources by the authors is an important criterion of quality of modern research works. The analysis allows to state diversity and resourcefulness of documentation on the selected issue. The basic array of sources is concentrated in classic «university cities» in Ukraine namely Lviv, Kyiv, Kharkiv, Odessa, Chernivtsi. The available resources are supplemented by materials collected in regional state archives in Dnipropetrovsk, Chernigiv, Poltava. Many documents are written in German, Polish, French and other languages which require respective language competency for independent work with original sources. Among foreign archive collections, those of Austria and Russia, which historically used to comprise Ukrainian territories, are notable for their significant informational potential while investigating development of higher education during 19th – beginning of 20th century. If categorized by content the sources collected in the archives contain mainly personal documents of teachers and students, statistical data on student and teacher population, student youth organizations and fraternities of political affiliation of professors and student youth. The most scientific value for researchers of history of education in the aforesaid period have such official and private documents as statutes of higher educational establishments, syllabi, curricula, schemes of instruction, annual reports on the activity of the universities, institutes, higher women’s courses, protocols of scientific councils’ meetings and faculty meetings, aimed at improvement and organization of learning process, alumni accounts of their alma mater and teachers. It is concluded that representativeness and richness of the source base which are concentrated in the native and foreign archives, create favorable conditions for implementing thorough systemic analysis of development of higher school in Ukraine in the late 19th – early 20th century.
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