2014 | 179 | 215-224
Article title

Modele opieki nad osobami niesamodzielnymi

Title variants
Elderly Care Models
Languages of publication
Elderly care and support in their daily lives is one of the most significant challenges of an ageing population. The increasing demand for various types of support (both in the community and in institutions) should be considered in the context of existing socioeconomic- cultural-demographic characteristics. This article presents models of care for dependent elderly people and the analysis how various models fit the situation of dependency care in Poland. Five models describing the dependencies and coupling between informal help provided within the family network and community support networks and formal help are: hierarchical compensatory model, substitutional model, specificity model, supplementation model, complementarity model. The organization of care for the elderly in Poland introduced by the authority can be established that is consistent with the hierarchical compensatory model. This model is most effective, but in Poland is still not completely implemented, and the fragmentation makes that seniors do not receive optimal support.
Physical description
  • Bojanowska E.: Opieki nad ludźmi starszymi. W: Przygotowanie do starości. Polacy wobec starzenia się. Red. P. Szukalski. ISP, ZUS, Warszawa 2009.
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  • GUS: Podstawowe dane z zakresu ochrony zdrowia w 2009 r. Warszawa 2010.
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  • Patsios D., Davey A.: Formal and Informal Community Care for Older Adults. W: The Cambridge Handbook on Age and Ageing. Ed. L. Johnson. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2005.
  • Penning J.M.: Receipt of Assistance by Elderly People: Hierarchical Selection and Task Specificity. "The Gerontologist" 1990, 30.
  • Szukalski P.: Status rodzinny a sytuacja bytowa i zdrowotna osób sędziwych w środowisku wielkomiejskim (grant KBN 2H2OE03424). Zrealizowane w 2004 r.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
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