ТЕОРЕТИКО-МЕТОДОЛОГІЧНІ АСПЕКТИ ДОСЛІДЖЕННЯ ПРОБЛЕМИ СТАНОВЛЕННЯ ТА РОЗВИТКУЖІНОЧОЇ ОСВІТИ В УКРАЇНІСЕРЕДИНИ ХІХ – ПОЧАТКУ ХХ СТОЛІТТЯ
Theoretical and methodological aspects of research of the problem of establishing and developing women’s education in Ukraine in the middle of the XIX – the beginning of the XX centuries
Languages of publication
The article shows the analyses of modern national historical and pedagogical works, in which there was establishing and developing women’s education in Ukraine in the middle of the XIX – the beginning of the XX centuries is researched. The focus is made on the theoretical and methodological aspects of research, in particular the problem of the use of gender methodology and relevant categorical apparatus. The author relies on conceptual researches of scientists (who research problem of gender), among them T. Doronina is allocated, who has developed comparative scheme of sex-role and gender approach in education. The purpose of sex-role approach is creating conditions for successful socialization and personal fulfillment of pupils within traditional sex-role model, mainly in the areas of life that are caused by biological sex, according to which the education is expected by a certain sexual norms (stereotypes); in contrast, the purpose of gender approach is creating conditions for successful gender socialization of pupils, approval of equal opportunities of personal fulfillment in all the areas of life, rejection of gender stereotypes in education. In result review of scientific work, researching the problem of establishing and developing women’s education in Ukraine in the middle of the XIX – the beginning of the XX centuries, which has made from the gender approach, has allowed us to unite research in three categories. To the first category were classified the works where scholars follow the principles of gender approach (V. Dobrovolska, L. Ershova, K. Kobchenko, J. Korolevska, A. Savjuk, L. Smolyar, T. Suhenko, M. Rygkova, T. Shushara); the second group – scientific works, in which we have found differences between the author’s understanding of gender approach of learning the problem and theory and methodology of gender researches (V.Virchenko, O. Lytvynenko, N. Slyusarenko, T.Tronko); the third group – scientific works, the author’s of which take the open sex-role research position (G. Vorobjeva, V. Gurina, J. Lopatenko, I. Martynova, L. Pryjmenko). We consider attention to the problems of gender education, taking into account modern egalitarian principles of education, during researching historical and pedagogical problems, definitely is a progressive indicator and becomes more prevalent in modern science.
Publication order reference