2017 | 31 | 51–70
Article title

Lancashire and RP: A comparison of processes of connected speech

Title variants
Porównanie zjawisk językowych w dialekcie Lancashire do Received Pronunciation
Languages of publication
Celem badania jest opis procesów mowy potocznej występujących w dialekcie Lancashire, niestandardowej odmianie języka angielskiego. Badanie to uzupełnia istniejącą lukę w literaturze przedmiotu: prace Wells(1982) lub Kortmann i Upton (2008) nie zawierają systematycznego opisu cech Lancashire. Badanie zostało przeprowadzone za pomocą analizy akustycznej na korpusie mowy Phonologie de l’Anglais Contemporain, zawierającym 4,5 godziny nagrań mowy potocznej dziewięciu rodzimych użytkowników Lancashire. Porównanie listy procesów występujących w Lancashire w stosunku do Received Pronunciation pozytywnie zweryfikowało hipotezę Kortmanna i Wagnera (2005). Według niej w odmianach niestandardowych języka występują zjawiska językowe nieobecne w standardzie. Trzy cechy typowe dla Lancashire, usuwanie /j/, /g/oraz lenicja spółgłosek, zostały skorelowane z wiekiem, wykształceniem i długością pobytu w Lancashire, a wyniki okazały się niejednoznaczne.
The paper reports the results of a study on connected speech processes in the Lancashire dialect. Auditoryand acoustic analysis was performed on 4.5 hs of speech of 9 speakers of Lancashire from the Phonologiede l’Anglais Contemporain corpus. Filling a gap in the literature (Lancashire is neither discussed by Wells1982 nor by Kortmann, Upton 2008), a list of connected speech processes is provided. Comparison of processesfound in Lancashire to RP and other dialects of English (Lodge 1984) reveals that Lancashire hasa number of processes, absent from the highly codified variety but found in other dialects of English. In fact,Lancashire exhibits the processes of Yod dropping, fricativization and g-dropping which are unattested inRP. Age, education and duration of residence, factored in for explaining the use of dialect-specific processes,produced mixed results.
Physical description
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