Odkouzlení jako analytická a výkladová kategorie: témata, souvislosti a proměny
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Disenchantment as an analytical and explanatory category: themes, contexts, transformations
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The discourse of disenchantment has developed out of the Max Weber’s 1918 lecture where the term, presented as one of the characteristics of the advancing modernization, was invented. The researchers in humanities found it the useful interpretative category and as such it went through various modifications, from friendly acceptance to rejection, depending on historical situation and contemporary intellectual and ideological mood. The article covers the principal twists in the disenchantment concept during the 20th century and demonstrates how the attitudes have reflected the changing view of modernity, including its negative faces. The particular attention is drawn to the Horkheimer-Adorno work on the Enlightenment and the various applications of the concept in the postwar Anglo-American history of the early modern times.
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