Prawnokarna ochrona wyborów i referendów w ustawodawstwach niektórych państw obszaru postsowieckiego
Criminal law protection of elections and referendum in selected post soviet countries legislation
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The aim of this publication is to highlight the different models of criminal law protection of elections and referendum in selected post-soviet countries. The author points out sources of legislation, especially by typing electoral abuses and their criminal sanctions. Legislation analyzed in this publication focuses on Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. The basis of main conclusions are also results of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) – Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) election reports. In support of theses contained in the study, the author recalls specific cases of electoral abuses that took place in countries mentioned above.
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