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2016 | 12 | 3 | 121-140
Article title

Transition pattern of Indian states across different categories of growth and development: Post economic liberalisation experience

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
This paper analyses the emerging trends in twenty eight major states in India in respect of few key parameters which have an intrinsic bearing on social and economic development and establishes the economic growth (EG) - human development (HD) nexus in the post economic reforms era (1990s to 2010s). Data for the period 1990 to 2011/12 is used to analyse the relative performance of Indian states on human development and growth indicators and determine if inter-state disparity has increased or decreased over time. The two way relationship between EG and HD is empirically estimated using cross section pooled data. Further, states are classified into four different categories of growth and development: (i) vicious cycle (low EG - low HD), (ii) virtuous cycle (high EG - high HD), (iii) lopsided-EG (high EG - low HD) and (iv) lopsided-HD (low EG - high HD), for the years 1993, 1999-2000 and 2011-12. The pattern of transition of states across different categories over the two decades is traced. Such categorization and the shifts therein have obvious policy implications. The paper highlights the need for more focused regional planning and a simultaneous policy thrust on EG and HD to enable states escape the vicious cycle of low growth and development.This paper analyses the emerging trends in twenty eight major states in India in respect of few key parameters which have an intrinsic bearing on social and economic development and establishes the economic growth (EG) - human development (HD) nexus in the post economic reforms era (1990s to 2010s). Data for the period 1990 to 2011/12 is used to analyse the relative performance of Indian states on human development and growth indicators and determine if inter-state disparity has increased or decreased over time. The two way relationship between EG and HD is empirically estimated using cross section pooled data. Further, states are classified into four different categories of growth and development: (i) vicious cycle (low EG - low HD), (ii) virtuous cycle (high EG – high HD), (iii) lopsided-EG (high EG – low HD) and (iv) lopsided-HD (low EG – high HD), for the years 1993, 1999-2000 and 2011-12. The pattern of transition of states across different categories over the two decades is traced. Such categorization and the shifts therein have obvious policy implications. The paper highlights the need for more focused regional planning and a simultaneous policy thrust on EG and HD to enable states escape the vicious cycle of low growth and development.
Year
Volume
12
Issue
3
Pages
121-140
Physical description
Dates
published
2016-10-20
Contributors
  • Delhi College Of Arts & Commerce, University Of Delhi, New Delhi, India
author
  • India Development Foundation, Gurugram, Haryana, India
References
  • Bhagwati J., and Panagariya A. 2013. "Why growth matters: How economic growth in India reduced poverty and the lessons for other developing countries", New York: Public Affairs, 2013.
  • Chandrasekharan I., Kumar R.S., Raghunathan S. and Chandrasekaran S., 2013. "Construction of environmental performance index and ranking of states", Current Science, Vol.104, No. 4, pp.435-439
  • Dreze J., and Sen A. 2013. "An uncertain glory: India and its contradictions", Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Ghosh M., 2006. "Economic growth and human development in Indian states", Economic and Political Weekly, Vol.41, No.30 (Jul. 29 - Aug. 4), pp. 3321-29.
  • Mukherjee S. and Chakraborty D., 2007. "Environment, human development and economic growth after liberalisation: An analysis of Indian states", Madras School of Economics Working Paper No.16.
  • Mukherjee S., Chakraborty D. and Sikdar S., 2014. "Three decades of human development across Indian states: Inclusive growth or perpetual disparity?", National Institute of Public Finance and Policy, New Delhi, India.
  • Planning Commission, 2013. "Proposed sustainable development report of Indian states", Housing & Urban Affairs Division, Planning Commission, Government of India.
  • Ranis G. and Stewart F., 2005. "Dynamic links between the economy and human development", Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, New York.
  • WCED, 1987. "Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our common future", Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Roy S., 2012. "Regional disparities in growth and human development in India", Institute for Studies in Industrial Development, New Delhi, India.
  • Sen A., 2001. "Development as freedom", Oxford New York, Oxford University Press.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-b65c5413-c608-4b7b-891b-23c6668add1e
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