Austriacka polityka zagraniczna w XXI wieku. Kontynuacja i zmiana
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Austrian foreign policy in the 21st century. Continuation and change
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When analyzing the foreign policy of Austria in the twenty-first century, it is worth to ask the question about the role of diplomacy in Vienna in the modern world. Following the enlargement of the European Union in 2004, some fixed elements dominant in relations with European countries can be seen. A rapidly evolving situation in the Middle East and Ukraine brought a number of challenges and Austria is trying to find its own solutions to the growing problems. Austria seeks solutions that would meet the needs of a neutral state, lying in the heart of the old continent and having ambitions to be a mediator in international disputes attentive to intercultural dialogue. Among the fixed elements of the Austrian foreign policy, little has changed in the last few years: the principle of permanent neutrality, integration within the EU structures and relations with countries from outside the European area should be mentioned. The change of Viennese diplomacy is observed in the use of soft power, support of the Balkan countries and cooperation with the Russian Federation during the conflict in Ukraine. Another thread connecting the two groups of factors is the issue of the impact of foreign policy on the political life of Austria.
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