PL EN


2014 | 4 | 1 | 7-17
Article title

Pulmonary function of jute mill workers from West Bengal, India

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Background: Jute industry workers constantly exposed themselves to jute dust and are at risk of impairment of lung function. Investigation on various studies revealed the effects of exposure to jute dust but limited studies so far undertaken regarding its bearing on pulmonary function of jute workers of West Bengal,India. Purpose: To evaluate the respiratory status of jute mill workers of West Bengal exposed to occupational hazards. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 203 male jute mill workers of age range 18 – 60 yrs. from West Bengal and a control group of 141 men of similar age .Dynamic pulmonary function parameters were carried out including physical parameters, respiratory abnormalities, year of exposure and smoking history. Results: FVC, FEV1, FEF 200-1200 and PEFR values of higher age group non smoker of low dust zone were significantly higher in comparison to the non smoker of high dust zone. The prevalence of chest tightness was 33.49% and liver dysfunction was 41.9% in dusty zone workers of jute mill in comparison to less dusty zone. Again, incidence of chest tightness and cough was highest (35.44%) in higher age group workers and prevalence of byssinosis like symptoms and chronic bronchitis was 30- 37% after 10 – 30years of exposure. But occurrence of bronchial asthma was 11.9% in workers of greater than 20 years of exposure. Prevalence of all the above respiratory abnormalities was higher among smokers than non-smokers. Conclusions: Concentration of jute dust exposure had been associated with decrease in FVC, FEV1, and PEFR with a higher risk of developing chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, byssinosis and other respiratory symptoms. This indicated high occupational health hazards which would create an alarming situation, if remained unchecked.
Year
Volume
4
Issue
1
Pages
7-17
Physical description
Contributors
References
  • Das PKL, Jha N. Occupational exposure and Pulmonary function of Jute mill workers in Sunari, Nepal. Nepal Med Coll J.2009; 11(4): 275-7.
  • Heederik D, Kromhout H, Burema J, Biersteker K, Kromhout D. Occupational exposure and 25 years incidence rate of nonspecific Lung disease: Zutphen study. Int J Epidemiol. 1990 Dec; 19(4): 945-52
  • Altin R, Ozkurt S, Fisekei F, Cimrin Att, Zencir M, Sevinc C. Prevalence of byssinosis and respiratory symptoms among Cotton mill workers. Respiration. 2002; 69(1): 52-6.
  • Chattopadhyay BP, Saiyed HN, Mukherjee AK. Byssinosis among Jute mill workers. Ind Health. 2003 Jul; 41(3): 265-72
  • Chatterjee S, Mandal A. Pulmonary function studies in healthy school boys of West Bengal. Jpn J Physiol. 1991; 41(5): 797-808
  • Mandal(Majee) A, Majumder R. Pulmonary function of Paint industry workers fromWest Bengal, India. Prog Health Sci. 2013; 3(2):109-20
  • Chen J, Lou J, Guo X, Chen Z. Pulmonary function in Jute dust – Exposed workers: A Dose response relationship. J Occup Health. 1997 Oct; 2(4): 313-8
  • Agresti A .Categorical data analysis. 2nd Edition. John Wiely, New York, 2002; p. 44
  • National Ambient Quality Standards: Published by Central Pollution Control Board; Gazette of India, New Delhi, 18th November, 2009
  • Memon I, Panhwar A, Rohra DK, Azam SI, Khan N. Prevalence of Byssinosis in spinning and Textile workers of Karachi, Pakistan. Archives of Environmental and occupational Health. 2008 Feb; 63(3):137-42
  • Barawidjaja K. Byssinosis among 250 textile workers in Jakarta. Am J Ind Med. 1990, 45: 782-89
  • Awad elKarim MA, Ona SH. Prevalence of byssinosis and respiratory symptoms among spinners in Sudanese cotton mills. Am J Ind Med. 1987; 12(3):281-9
  • Abebe Y, Seboxa T. Byssinosis and other respiratory disorders among textile mill workers in Bahr Dar North West Ethiopia. Ethiop Med J. 1995 Jan; 33(1):37-49
  • Bouhuys A, Wolfson RL, Horner DW, Brain JD, Zuskin E. Byssinosis in cotton textile workers. Respiratory survey of a mill with rapid labor turnover. Ann Intern Med. 1969 Aug; 71(2):257-69
  • Merchane JA, Lumsden JC, Killburn KH, O’Fallon W, UjdaJ, Germino VH, Hamilton JD. Dose response studies in Cotton textile workers. J Occup Environ Med. 1973 Mar; 15(3): 222-30
  • Cinkotai FF, Rigby A, Pickering CAC, Seaborn D, Faragher E. Recent trends in the prevalence of byssinotic symptoms in the Lancashire textile industry. Br J Ind Med.1988 Nov; 45(11):782-9
  • American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists. Threshold limit values. Cincinnati: ACGIH, 1983.18. Cinkotai FF, Rigby A, Pickering CAC, Seaborn D, Faragher E. Recent trends in the prevalence of byssinotic symptoms in the Lancashire textile industry. Br J Ind Med.1988 Nov; 41(11):782-9
  • Wang XR, Zhang HX, Sun BX, Dai HL, Hang JQ, Eisen EA, Wegman DH, Olenchock SA, Christiani DC. A 20 years follow up study on chronic respiratory effects of exposure to cotton dust. Eur Respir J. 2005 Nov; 26: 881-6
  • Mishra AK, Rotti SB, Sahai A, Naryan KAM. Byssinosis among male textile workers in Pondicherry: a case control study. Natl Med J India. 2003 Mar-Apr; 16(2):70-3
  • Su YM, Su JR, Shen JY, Loh CH, Liou SH. Additive effect of smoking and cotton dust exposure on respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function of cotton textile workers. Industrial Health.2003Feb; 41:109-15
  • Parikh JR .Byssinosis in developing countries. Br J Ind Med.1992; 49:217-19
  • Beck GJ, Maunder LR, Schachter EN. Cotton dust and smoking effects on lung function in cotton textile workers. Am J Epidemiol.1984Jan; 119:33-43
  • Raza SN, Fletcher AM, Pickering CA, Niven RM, Faragher EB. Respiratory symptoms in Lancashire textile weaver. Occup Environ Med. 1999Aug; 56(8):514-9
  • Simpson JC, Niven RM, Pickering CA, Fletcher AM, Oldham LA, Francis HM. Prevalence and predictors of work related respiratory symptoms in workers exposed to organic dust. Occup Environ Med.1998Oct; 55(10):668-72
  • Massin N, Moulin JJ, Wild P, Meyer-Bich, Mur JM. A study of the prevalence of acute respiratory disorders among workers in the textile industry. Int Arch Occup Environ Health.1991; 62(8): 555- 60.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-baf41dbe-68cc-4c17-a36c-a3585efb202a
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.