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2017 | 1-2 | 57-66

Article title

Mullā Ṣadrā (1572–1640) – wprowadzenie do życia i myśli filozofa perskiego



Title variants

Mullā Ṣadrā (1572–1640) – Introduction to Life and Thinking of the Persian Philosopher

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The article discusses the life and thought of a prominent Iranian philosopher of the Safavid times, Ṣadr ad-Dīn Muḥammad aš-Šīrāzī, commonly known as Mulla Sadra. The first part of the article presents a short biography of the philosopher, informed by both autobiographical sources and the state of research on his life. Then, the main principles of Sadra’s philosophical system are analyzed – the affinity of his ideas to the long tradition of philosophical reflection in Islam, in particular to that of Shī‘ī thinkers, is demonstrated. The last part of the article discusses the philosopher’s rich oeuvre, especially his magnum opus entitled Al-Ḥikma al-muta‘āliyya fi-l-asfār al-‘aqliyya al-arba‘a (Al-Asfār), or “The Transcendent Theosophy in the Four Journeys of the Intellect”. The article is the first broader attempt in Polish scholarship to give an account of the life and works of this great philosopher from Shiraz, a thinker who had a decisive influence on almost all the subsequent tradition of the Shī‘ī philosophy in Iran. The article is supplemented by the translation of Author’s famous Prologue to Al-Asfār.







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  • Uniwersytet Warszawski


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