Organizacja posiedzeń Rad miejskich w znaczniejszych miastach Galicji Zachodniej w latach 1889-1914
The Organization of town council meetings in the most important towns of West Galicja between 1889–1914
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Town councils in the most important towns of West Galicja operated in accordance with an act from 13th of March 1889, which established the rules for a communal system of 30 towns in Galicja – 11 in West Galicja and 19 in East Galicja. The principles of the workings of the town councils were determined by way of a resolution of session regulations. They determined the way town councils convened, the chairing of meetings, the number of persons needed to adopt a resolution, the drawing up of a protocol and the secrecy of meetings. The main part of session regulations was a description of the rules and order of meetings. The session regulations of Krosno and Rzeszów have been described as an example. The average number of meetings during a year fluctuated between 12 and 19. The schedule of meetings during the year was irregular; in most cases, a majority of meetings fell in the fourth quarter of the year because of adopting a budget - the least being in the third quarter (summer holidays) or in the first. In time, the number of meetings became fewer and attendances of councillors increased. Nevertheless, the problem of discipline and enforcing the duty of participation in meetings was still valid. Non-attendance of meetings and making impossible the adoption of a resolution because of the absence of a quorum were elements of political party rivalry just as were mutual charges of non-compliance of regulations. Meetings usually started at 5–6 in the afternoon and lasted about two hours. Ceremonial meetings followed a different course. Councillors took care of the facilities and interior design of the rooms where meetings took place. The invitation to representatives of the local press and preparation of a separate gallery for them were signs of new times.
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