Process of globalization, rapidly progressing nowadays, can cause conflicts between cultural norms and values valid in a globalized society and local values. Similar mechanism may occur on a smaller scale, where culture characteristic of urban centers and rural areas may clash. The purpose of this article is to establish what is the economic mentality of students at the Faculty of Economics of the University of Opole from rural areas and cities by comparative analysis of one of its components – work. The article presents a fragment of own research conducted in April 2016 year. Research is an introduction to the wider research into the economic culture of rural areas. In the course of testing the hypothesis formulated in the context of the economic mentality have been confirmed.