This article shows an attempt to portray the structure of utopian so-cialism of the early nineteenth century in the context of mythical imagi-nation. The presented topic focuses on three key projects created by Claude Henri de Saint-Simon, Charles Fourier and Robert Owen. Their ideas, determined at a later time as socialist, were the main source of in-spiration for later utopianists and were also the most holistic systems, looking for unveiling all the possible laws, and then create the basis for many visions of tomorrow, based on two key ideas: human nature and progress. Both of these categories, taken from the myths of the En-lightenment, established a pattern, which appealed to all the successive representatives of contemporary utopian thought. The aim of the analysis is not strictly historical, but it makes an important attempt to explain the presented utopian ideas in the perspective of the mythological worldview, and how it affects the shape of articulated ideological solu-tions and created forms. Therefore, the main focus has been devoted to the analysis of the features of individual utopia – on the one hand spe-cific to the early nineteenth-century social consciousness, on the other hand functionalized with mythical imagery, confirming the possibility of bringing the idea of perfection on a relatively limited number of ways.