The paper presents how female migrants from the Opole region identify with their mothers, how different are their views of family and marital life, and what they would like to inherit from their mothers. The answers to these question are based on a number of women’s accounts of these issues and of the power of socialization. Sixty six interviews and letter diaries of female migrants have been analyzed in the paper. The presented research indicates that for most of the interviewed women their mother has been a strong role model of womanhood, but that they are different from their own mothers particularly in their perception and performance of the role of a woman. Although they admire their parents’ marriages, they do not always want to get married and cherish their marital relationships themselves. Taking up this role involves dilemmas. In the organization of social life Opole women expect their needs to be as important as those of men. They also hope for favorable circumstances under which they would have the chance of developing their full potential. Such wishes are especially characteristic of young women. Most female migrants attempt to expand their roles through labor market activity. Their migration, often caused by economic factors, has enabled them to feel active and needed.