Artykuł dotyczy zagadnienia wpływu rządu na proces ustawodawczy we współczesnych rozwiązaniach ustrojowych Wielkiej Brytanii i V Republiki Francuskiej w nawiązaniu do systemu rządów parlamentarnych. W obydwu omawianych przypadkach, znacząca aktywność w procesie ustawodawczym, warunkowana bądź to osadzoną w konwenansach konstytucyjnych praktyką polityczną (W. Brytania) bądź świadomie przyjętymi przez ustrojodawcę konstrukcjami normatywnymi (Francja), w powiązaniu z mechanizmami współpracy pomiędzy legislatywą i egzekutywą umożliwia rządom skuteczne realizowanie programu politycznego za pomocą ustawodawstwa.
This article concerns the influence of the government on legislative process in the present political system in Great Britain and the V French Republic in con- nection with parliamentary system of government. The British system does provide a working synthesis of the two things. One of them is the close union and nearly complete fusion of the executive and legislative powers. The Cabinet Ministers, as a rule, are members of one or other of the Houses of Parliament. In a sense, they are representatives of Parliament. On the other hand, the Cabinet is not the mere agent of Parliament, it does not constitute a committee of Parliament. Ministers guide and up to a point deter- mine Parliament’s activities. The responsibility for the initiation and making of laws rests primarily and almost exclusively upon them. Cabinet is well situated to exert a very positive leadership of Parliament. It monopolizes the framing and introduction of all important legislation, controls the allocation of parliamentary time, decides on adjournments and dissolutions, and has an assured majority to back its decisions. According to these conditions, the function of the House of Commons is, therefore, to act as a forum for criticism and a focus of outside opinion. If the Cabinet has a majority, and so long as that majority holds together, the House doesn’t control the government but the government controls the House and shaped the parliamentary legislation. The same effects – but in a different way – achieves the government in the Fifth French Republic. The Constitution of 1958 provides powerful measures for government to control the process of making laws in both Chambers of the French parliament. Among various forms of supervising the internal parliamentary proceedings, exercised by the French government, the most important are, for example, connecting a bill with the vote of confidence, declaring objections to parliamentary amendments to the government’s bills or arranging the vote bloqué procedure. Moreover, an important element forced the domination of French executive branch in parliamentary legislative process is permanent cooperation and good relationship between the government and the President of Republic in conditions of political unity as well as in the state of cohabitation.