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2016 | 3(57) | 9-16

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The Forms of Physical education in Agricultural Universities (the 60-70-ies of the XX-th century)

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Modern development of science and technology is accompanied by the rapid growth of information flows, using electronic means of communication, mechanization of many industrial and household processes. This greatly reduces the physical burden on the man, and instead increased its mental activity. The critical analysis of the previous experiences of physical education of the students will help to optimize the individual forms of physical improvement in higher education today. The purpose of the article is to analyze the forms of physical education in agricultural universities of Ukraine during the 1960-s and 1970-s. The methods used in the article are the following: analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization. The results are the description of the forms of physical education in agricultural universities of Ukraine. The practical value is the actualization of historic and educational heritage, which contributed to more efficient use of the forms of physical education today. The conclusions and prospects for further scientific studies: it is established that since 1960-s the changes were made in the system of physical education in high school, aimed at transforming it into a continuous educational process, which was to meet the challenges of rehabilitation, comprehensive physical development, physical education professionally-applied physical training and improve of sports skills of the students throughout their study. In this regard the organizational principles of physical education were rebuilt. The current 1960-1970-ies system of physical education in higher agricultural education included the following forms of work: academic training sessions (mandatory and optional); professionally applied physical training; physical exercise mode of the school day; independent study of the students of physical culture and sports outside the classroom; mass health, fitness and sports activity. The analysis shows that their use positively influenced the health and physical development of the students and helped more efficient mastery of professional skills. Further study requires the development of the forms of physical training of the students of agricultural universities in the next historical period.


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