Full-text resources of CEJSH and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


2019 | 3 | 2(8) | 26-39

Article title

Foucault’s Genealogy in War: A Creative Element of Violence


Title variants

Languages of publication



In this article, I make an attempt to elucidate the problem of violence in Foucault’s genealogy that, following Nietzsche’s genealogy, seems to be based on the concept of a conflict of forces. Thus, the war of forces that constitutes history is the first dimension in which the presence of violence can be described in Foucauldian philosophy. The second dimension refers to violence taken as the effect of an interplay between forces. Both aspects allow us to think on violence, not in terms of natural objects, but in terms of relations and simultaneously to challenge the established concept of violence as something necessarily related to brute force or aggression.







Physical description




  • Faculty of Education, University of Warsaw


  • Arendt, Hannah. “On Violence.” In Crises of the Republic, 103-198. San Diego: Harcourt, Brace & Company.
  • Butler, Judith. “Violence, Non-Violence: Sartre on Fanon.” Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 27, no. 1 (2006): 3-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2005.12.009.
  • Butler, Judith. Excitable Speech. A Politics of the Performative. New York: Routledge, 1997.
  • Butler, Judith. Frames of War. When Is Life Grievable? London: Verso, 2016.
  • Dean, Mitchell. Critical and Effective Histories: Foucault’s Methods and Historical Sociology. New York: Routledge, 1994.
  • Deleuze, Gilles. Nietzsche and Philosophy. Translated by Hugh Tomlinson. London: Continuum, 2002.
  • Flynn, Thomas. “Foucault’s Mapping of History.” In The Cambridge Companion to Foucault, edited by Gary Gutting, 28-46. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
  • Foucault, Michel. “L’intellectuel et les pouvoirs.” In Dits et Écrits. 1954-1988. Volume 4. Edited by Daniel Defert and François Ewald, 747-752. Paris: Gallimard, 1994.
  • Foucault, Michel. “Nietzsche, Genealogy, History.” In Aesthetics: Essential Works of Foucault 1954–1984. Volume 2. Edited by James D. Faubion. Translated by Robert Hurley, 369-391. London: Penguin Books, 2000.
  • Foucault, Michel. “Prison Talk.” In Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings: 1972-1977. Edited and translated by Colin Gordon, 37-54. New York: Pantheon Books, 1980.
  • Foucault, Michel. “Sex, Power, and the Politics of Identity.” In Ethics: Essential Works of Foucault 1954–1984. Volume 1. Edited by Paul Rabinow. Translated by Robert Hurley, 163-173. London: Penguin Books, 2000.
  • Foucault, Michel. “Society Must Be Defended.” Lectures at the Collège de France 1975-76. Translated by David Macey. New York: Picador, 2003.
  • Foucault, Michel. “The Order of Discourse.” In Untying the Text: A Post-Structuralist Reader, edited by Robert Young, 51-78. Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981.
  • Foucault, Michel. “Truth and Power.” In Power: Essential Works of Foucault 1954–1984. Volume 3. Edited by James D. Faubion. Translated by Robert Hurley, 111-133. London: Penguin Books, 2000.
  • Foucault, Michel. “Who Are You, Professor Foucault?” Translated by Lucille Cairns. In Religion and Culture: Michel Foucault, edited by Jeremy R. Carrette, 87-103. New York: Routledge, 1999.
  • Foucault, Michel. The History of Sexuality. An Introduction. Volume 1. Translated by Robert Hurley. New York: Pantheon Books, 1978.
  • Gros, Frédéric. “Foucault, penseur de la violence?” Cités, no. 50 (2012): 75-86. https://doi.org/10.3917/cite.050.0075.
  • Harootunian, Harry D. “Foucault, Genealogy, History: The Pursuit of Otherness.” In After Foucault: Humanistic Knowledge, Postmodern Challenges, edited by Jonathan Arac, 110-137. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press 1988.
  • Nietzsche, Friedrich. Beyond Good and Evil. Translated by Judith Norman. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
  • Nietzsche, Friedrich. Nachgelassene Fragmente 1884–1885. Sämtliche Werke. Kritische Studienausgabe. Volume 11. Edited by Giorgio Colli and Mazzino Montinari. Munich: Walter de Gruyter/dtv, 1999.
  • Nietzsche, Friedrich. On the Genealogy of Morality. Translated by Carol Diethe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
  • Nietzsche, Friedrich. Thus Spoke Zarathustra. Translated by Thomas Common. New York: The Modern Library, 1930.
  • Pieniążek, Paweł. “Dwie genealogie: Nietzsche/Foucault.” In Poznanie-podmiot-dyskurs. Idee i dziedzictwo frankofońskiej tradycji epistemologicznej, edited by Adam Dubik, 101-127. Toruń: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika, 2002.
  • Sartre, Jean-Paul. Preface to The Wretched of the Earth, by Frantz Fanon, xliii-lxii. Translated by Richard Philcox. New York: Grove Press, 2004.
  • Schippers, Birgit. The Political Philosophy of Judith Butler. New York: Routledge, 2014. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203551530.
  • Schrift, Alan. Nietzsche’s French Legacy: A Genealogy of Poststructuralism. New York: Routledge, 1995. https://doi.org/10.1016/0142-0496(95)80172-3.
  • Sołżenicyn, Aleksander. Archipelag Gułag 1918-1956. Volume 3. Translated by Jerzy Pomianowski [Michał Kaniowski]. Poznań: Dom Wydawniczy REBIS, 2012.
  • Sorel, Georges. Reflections on Violence. Translated by Thomas Ernest Hulme. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
  • Veyne, Paul. “Foucault Revolutionizes History.” In Foucault and His Interlocutors, edited by Arnold I. Davidson. Translated by Catherine Porter, 146-182. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.

Document Type

Publication order reference

YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.