ФОРМУВАННЯ БАЗОВИХ МАТЕМАТИЧНИХ УЯВЛЕНЬ У ДОШКІЛЬНИКІВ ЯК ЗАСІБ ЇХ ІНТЕЛЕКТУАЛЬНОГО РОЗВИТКУ НА ПРИКЛАДІ БРИТАНСЬКОЇ ПЕДАГОГІКИ
Formation of basic mathematical concepts in early years as a means of children’s intellectual development on the example of British pedagogy
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The article is devoted to the investigation of theoretical aspect of developing children’s primary mathematical concepts in early years in the system of early childhood education in the UK. The aim of the article is to study the conditions for the development of basic mathematical concepts in early childhood education in the UK. The analysis of British programmes, curriculum guidance and other authentic resources proves that intellectual education occupies a prominent place in Britain’s educational system and the preconditions of child’s brain development are the appropriate educational aids, which are favourable for proper upbringing of a healthy personality. The research defines the main areas of studying in the programmes of British pre-school institutions aimed at child’s intellectual development: communication and language, literacy, mathematics, science and technology, knowledge and understanding of the world. It explicates the methodological recommendations of the leading British scientists as to the development of children’s mathematical skills in the family environment. It determines the classification of age-related differences in the process of developing mathematical skills. The research work defines the basic skills in Maths that the child must have in early years before going to school. It analyzes the main activities for the formation of elementary mathematical skills at pre-school institutions in the UK. The formation of mathematical skills is important in preparing a child for school, for his better adjustment to the educational process at school. Mastering math skills are not the same for children of the same age, they occur in different orders and according to different age categories. The most productive way for obtaining knowledge in the field of mathematics by the child of preschool age is the play. In British pre-school institutions there are the following play activities: games with adapted natural building material (sand and water), block play, box modelling, woodwork, outdoor play, folklore (nursery rhymes, counting rhymes, finger play) etc. The study does not cover all aspects of the identified problem, which determines the necessity for further study. A separate research is required in the area of children’s gender characteristics at preschool age; the interaction between family, pre-school institutions and public organizations on children’s intellectual development at preschool age.
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