2001 | 3 | 233-251
Article title

Zagadnienie wykorzystania ablacji laserowej w usuwaniu wtórnych nawarstwień z powierzchni dzieł sztuki i obiektów zabytkowych w architekturze

Title variants
The Use of Laser Ablation in the Removal of Secondary Build-up from the Surface of Art Works and Monuments of Architecture
Languages of publication
The article discusses problems associated with the use of laser ablation in the removal of secondary build-up from the surface of works of art and monuments of architecture as well as the removal of micro-particles from the surface of industrial elements. The prime problem connected with mechanical methods o f cleaning is the erosion of the original surface located immediately underneath the build-up, which sometimes causes irrecoverable losses and gaps in the details (e.g. reliefs, traces of the instruments used by the sculptor, or traces of polychromy). For several years now, the laser method has been successfully applied for the removal of secondary build-up, also in Poland, by resorting to laser impulse radiation. A laser impulse with suitable energy (power) density is capable of removing, for instance, black crusts from assorted surfaces without damaging the base, which at times can be more fragile and delicate than the build-up itself. The main purpose of the article is to acquaint the reader with a new technology of removing build-up with the assistance of laser impulse radiation. The author discusses physical mechanisms leading to the removal of particles and b uild-up from the surfaces of assorted material in the course of the impact of long (100-1000) gs and short (5-100) ns laser impulses. The article also considers other effects accompanying the process of ablation, and presents select research results. The summary mentions joint features linked with the laser ablation of different material and the assets and faults of the application of laser technique in conservation; it also p re sents the basic principles of safety while working with laser equipment. Finally, the au th o r proposes general conclusions associated with the removal of b u ild -u p with the help of laser radiation.
Physical description
  • Instytut Optoelektroniki Wojskowej Akademii Technicznej, Warszawa
  • A. L. Schawlow, Lasers, „Science” 1965, vol. 149, s. 13-22.
  • A. C. Tam, W. P. Leung, W. Zapka, W. Ziemlich, Laser-Cleaning Techniques for Removal o f Surface Particulates, „Journal of Applied Physics” 71(7), 1 IV 1992, s. 3 5 1 5 -3 5 2 3 ;
  • G. Schweizer, L. Werner, Industrial 2 kW CO2 Laser for Paint Stripping o f Aircraft, „Proceedings of the International Society for Optical Engineering” 1995, vol. 2 5 0 2 , s. 5 7 -6 2 ;
  • K. Liu, E. Garmire, Paint Removal using an Lasers, „Applied Optics” 1995, vol. 34 (21), s. 5 3 2 -5 3 6 ;
  • A. Tsunemi, K. Hagiwara, N. Saito, K. Nagasaka, Y. Miyamoto, O. Suto, T. Tashiro, Complete Removal o f Paint from Metal Surface by Ablation with a TEA CO2 Laser, „Applied Physics” 1996, A. 63, s. 4 3 5 -4 3 9 ;
  • R. Stewart, L. Li, D. Thomas, Laser Ablation o f Multilyers o f Ink from a Paper Substrate for Tactile Printing, „Optics and Laser Technology” 2 000, vol. 32, s. 3 0 1 -3 0 5 .
  • J. F. Asmus, C. G. Murphy, W. H. Munk, Studies on the Interaction o f Laser Radiation with Art Artifacts, „Proceedings o f the International Society for Optical Engineering” 1973, vol. 41, s. 19-27;
  • L. Lazzarini and J. F. Asmus, The Applications o f Laser Radiation to the Cleaning o f Statuary, „Bulletin of the AIC” 1973, vol. 13 (2), s. 39-4 9 ;
  • M. I. Cooper, D. C. Emmony, J. H. Larson, The Use o f Laser Energy to Clean Polluted Stone Sculpture, „Journal of Photographic Science” 1992, vol. 40, s. 5 5 -5 7 ;
  • M. I. Cooper, D. C. Emmony, J. H. Larson, A Comparative Study o f the Laser Cleaning o f Limestone, (w:) Proceedings o f the 7th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation o f Stone, Lisbon, June 1992;
  • P. Boquillon, R. Oltra, Principle o f Surface Cleaning by Laser Impact, Presented at CLEO/EUROPE, Amsterdam, Holland, August 1994;
  • J. Marczak, Odnawianie dziel sztuki za pomocą promienio ivania laserowego, „Przegląd Mechaniczny” 1997, nr 15-16, s. 37-40;
  • J. Marczak, ReNOVALaser — Urządzenie do renowacji zabytkow, (w:) Międzynarodowe Targi Pomorza i Kujaw, III Targi Konserwacji Zabytkow i Renowacji Miast i II Giełda Zabytkow, Conservatio ’97, Toruń, 2 7 -2 8 luty 1997-, A. Koss,
  • J. Marczak, Czyszczenie laserem wybranych powierzchni kamiennych Grobu Nieznanego Żołnierza w Warszawie, „Ochrona Zabytkow” 1999, nr 1, s. 3 9 -4 4 .
  • H. S. Carslaw, J. C. Jaeger, Conduction o f Heat in Solids, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1959.
  • Encyklopedia fizyki, PWN, Warszawa 1974.
  • D. Bauerle, Chemical Processing with Lasers, Springer Series in Materials Science, vol. 1, Berlin-Heidelberg 1986;
  • R. Srinivasan, In Interfaces under Laser Irradiation, L. D. Laude, D. Bauerle, M. Wautelet (eds.), NATO ASI Series, M. Nijhoff, Dordrecht 1987, s. 359;
  • N. Itoh, ln Interfaces under Laser Irradiation, tamże, s. 215;
  • S. Anisimov, Y. Imas, G. Romanov, Y. Khodyko, Effects o f High Power Radiation on Metals, Nauka Publishig House, Moscow 1970;
  • E. Fogarass, S. Lazare (eds.), Laser Ablation o f Electronic Materials. Basic Mechanisms and Applications, Proc. E-MRS 4, North Holland Elsevier 1992; Miller (ed.), Laser A blation, Springer Series in Material Science, vol. 28, Berlin-Heidelberg 1994.
  • N. V. Karlov, N. A. Kirichenko, В. S. Lukyanchuk, Laser Thermochemistry, Moscow 1992.
  • F. W. Dabby, U. C. Peak, High-intensity Laser Induced Vaporisation and Explosion o f Solid Material, „IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronic” 1972, QE 8(2), s. 106-111.
  • T. Korzeniowski, J. Marczak, (w:) Studenci o konserwacji, t. 2: Materiały II Ogolnopolskiej Konferencji Naukowej Studentow Konserwacji Z abytkow, Toruń 2000.
  • J. F. Ready (ed.), Laser in Modern Industry, Society of Manufacturing Engineering, Michigan 1979.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.