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2018 | 4(268) | 34-54

Article title

Théâtres de société we Francji – salonowy eksperyment i laboratorium nowych reguł

Authors

Title variants

EN
Théâtres de Société in France: A Salon Experiment and Laboratory of New Rules

Languages of publication

Abstracts

EN
Théâtres de societé became one of the favourite amusements of aristocracy, noblemen, and wealthy bourgeoisie of the 18th-century France. Some required substantial funding (as in the case of Duchess du Maine or Madame de Pompadour), though they often did without elaborate decorations and sophisticated costumes; nearly always they were organised by women, nearly always in connection with activities of their salons. The newfound passion for private theatres, organised with the audience of friends in mind, contributed to the weakening of the hierarchical structure of French society. Actors, often giving lessons in acting (and even acting with the powerful and privileged amateurs on stage) became guests of refined and sophisticated salons; discussions between aristocrats and playwrights, who composed some of their plays specifically with the théâtres de société in mind or simply assisted in staging their plays privately, became more common as well. Contrary to popular belief, théâtres de société were not just empty entertainment; they had an influence on the hierarchical changes within the 18th century society.

Year

Issue

Pages

34-54

Physical description

Contributors

author
  • Uniwersytet Łódzki

References

  • Léo Claretie, Histoire des théâtres de société, avec 29 gravures dans le texte, Librairie Molière, Paris 1906
  • Antoine Lilti, Le Monde des salons. Sociabilité et mondanité à Paris au XVIIIe siècle, Fayard, Paris 2005
  • Jacqueline Hellegouarc’h, L 'Esprit de société. Cercles et «salons » parisiens au XVIIIe siècle, Éditions Garnier, Paris 2000
  • Marie-Emmanuelle Plagnon-Diéval, Dominique Quéro (red.), Les théâtres de société au XVIIIe siècle, seria Études sur le XVIIIe siècle, Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, 2005
  • David Trott, Théâtre du XVIIIe siècle. Jeux, écritures, regards, Éditions espaces 34, Montpellier 2000
  • Adolphe Jullien, Histoire du théâtre de Madame de Pompadour dit Théâtre des Petits Cabinets, J. Baur, Paris 1874
  • Mona Ozouf, Les Mots des femmes. Essai sur la singularité française, Fayard, Paris 1995
  • Philippe Hourcade, Madame de Pompadour et le théâtre des cabinets du roi Michel de Maule éditions, Paris 2014
  • Marie-Emmanuelle Plagnol-Diéval, Le théâtre de société, un autre théâtre, Honoré Champion, Paris 200

Document Type

Publication order reference

Identifiers

YADDA identifier

bwmeta1.element.desklight-c2147f96-e00d-47bf-b597-6bd49ac28aff
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