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2015 | 1/2015 (51), t.2 | 93-113

Article title

Global Mindset and Internationalization of Polish SMEs: Antecedents and Outcomes


Title variants

Mentalność globalna a umiędzynarodowienie małych i średnich polskich firm

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W ostatnich latach wyraźnie wzrasta zainteresowanie badaczy mentalnością globalną (global mindset) zarówno w obszarze międzynarodowego biznesu, jak i przedsiębiorczości międzynarodowej. Związek zachodzący między globalną mentalnością a międzynarodowym zachowaniem przedsiębiorstwa został zauważony także w odniesieniu do małych i średnich przedsiębiorstw (MŚP), jednakże w kontekście polskich firm zjawisko to nie zostało jeszcze szeroko zbadane. Celem niniejszego artykułu jest poszerzenie wiedzy na temat: (1) czynników wspierających mentalność globalną oraz (2) jej znaczenia dla wyników internacjonalizacji MŚP. Badaniami objęto polskie przedsiębiorstwa działające w branży meblarskiej, która należy do grupy branż niskich technologii, będąc jednocześnie wysoce umiędzynarodowioną. Otrzymane wyniki potwierdzają, że mentalność globalna jest kluczową kompetencją wyjaśniającą wyniki osiągane przez MŚP w procesie internacjonalizacji, ale jej wpływ na międzynarodowe zachowanie przedsiębiorstw nie jest jednoznaczny. Ponadto często uwzględniane czynniki indywidualne jako predyktory mentalności globalnej okazały się statystycznie nieistotne, podobnie jak długość międzynarodowego doświadczenia firmy. Artykuł kończy się omówieniem wniosków oraz ograniczeń prezentowanych wyników.
The concept of global mindset has recently received significant attention in the fields of international business and international entrepreneurship. A strong relationship between the global mindset and firms’ internationalization behavior has also been found in the context of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs); however, in the context of Polish research, the phenomenon has not been examined in depth. Thus, the purpose of this article is to broaden our understanding of antecedents of the global mindset and its significance for internationalization outcomes (performance and behavior) of small and medium-sized Polish firms operating in a low-tech but fairly internationalized sector. The study findings indicate that the global mindset is a key capability relevant for explaining the international performance of SMEs, but its impact on firms’ international behavior is somewhat equivocal. Moreover, often employed individual-level predictors of the global mindset are statistically insignificant, as is length of firm international experience. The paper concludes with a discussion of the implications and limitations of the findings.




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