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2017 | 115 | 2 | 384-406

Article title

Putování jednoho kardinálského klobouku. Počátky a předpoklady církevní kariéry kardinála Františka Dietrichsteina


Title variants

The Travels of One Cardinal’s Hat. Beginnings and Prerequisites for the Ecclesiastical Career of Franz Cardinal von Dietrichstein

Languages of publication



This article deals with the history of one particular Cardinal’s hat, whose journeys and fortunes intermingle with many aspects of European politics and ecclesiastical life. The main sources for its travails are the notes of a direct witness of these events, Juan Roco de Campofrío. In 1577, the privilege of wearing this hat (galero) was granted to Archduke Albrecht, son of the Emperor Maximilian II by Pope Gregory XIII. It was sent to him in Spain, where he resided at the Court of Philip II. The Spanish King wished to appoint him also as the Archbishop of Toledo but due to his youth this appointment was postponed. It only occurred after the death of Cardinal Quiroga in 1594. As a matter of coincidences, Albrecht did not accept a higher ordination and he was consequently able to relinquish the galero in 1598. It journeyed from Madrid to Brussels, and from there Albrecht sent it, accompanied by the Archbishop of Besançon and two other prelates back to Rome. Pope Clement VIII allowed the Archduke to decide on whose head the galero were to rest. Albrecht chose García Loaysa de Girón as his successor in the office of the Toledo Archbishopric, but the new Spanish King Philip III rejected his nomination. Thus, the galero 115 | 2017 385 Tomáš Parma finally came to rest on the head of Franz Seraph von Dietrichstein, and travelled with him to Moravia where this young Cardinal became the Bishop of Olomouc. His fortunes were also shared by his Cardinal’s galero which was used only exceptionally, during ceremonial entrances and processions. In the end it was probably also used during the Cardinal’s funeral at the beginning of the year 1637. Any traces of it then disappear; it was probably destroyed during the course of the Thirty Years’ War. The aim of this article is to point out the reasons which lead to the appointment of Franz Seraph von Dietrichstein as Cardinal, amongst which a coincidence also played its part.









Physical description


  • Katedra církevních dějin a církevního práva, Cyrilometodějská teologická fakulta, Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, Univerzitní 244/22, Olomouc, Cz


Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

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