PL EN


2003 | 2(12) | 55-76
Article title

Apetyt na grona? Koncepcja gron oraz koncepcje bliskoznaczne w teorii i praktyce rozwoju regionalnego

Content
Title variants
EN
The Clusters Approach and the Related Concepts in Theory and Practice of Regional Development
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Celem niniejszego artykułu jest kompleksowe omówienie problematyki gron (clusters). Artykuł rozpoczyna analiza zagadnień teoretycznych nowego podejścia do rozwoju regionalnego i lokalnego. W dalszej części zostały przedstawione i omówione takie bliskoznaczne koncepcje jak: Marshallowskie okręgi przemysłowe, włoskie okręgi przemysłowe, nowe dystrykty przemysłowe, mezosystemy, lokalne środowiska innowacyjne, regiony uczące się, regionalne systemy innowacji. Rdzeniem artykułu jest analiza koncepcji gron – jej podstawy teoretyczne, definicje, relacje z innymi koncepcjami, pozytywne i negatywne efekty gron, siła i słabości metodologiczne. Ostatnia część artykułu jest poświęcona zagadnieniom praktycznym – politykom prorozwojowym inspirowanym teorią gron. Przegląd obejmuje głównie inicjatywy i działania podejmowane w państwach Unii Europejskiej.
EN
The aim of the following article is a comprehensive review of the cluster theory. Article starts with the discussion on the new approach towards regional and local development. In the first part author presents and discusses spectrum of concepts related to clusters such as: Marshallian industrial district, Italian industrial districts, new industrial spaces, mezo-systems, local innovative milieu, learning regions, and regional innovation systems. The core of the article is the analysis of the cluster approach: its theoretical inspiration and background, definitions, its specificity, effects of clusters described in literature, strength and weaknesses of this approach. The last part of the article is devoted to the practical issues – examples of cluster-based policies. This short review covers the initiatives undertaken in the countries of European Union.
Contributors
  • Uniwersytet Warszawski, Centrum Europejskich Studiów Regionalnych i Lokalnych (EUROREG)
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-c238bddd-e76c-4e55-9d7f-ca2974896d9d
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