This paper presents the current innovative position of Poland against the background of other EU countries. The evaluation is based on direct and indirect indicators of the current situation of Polish economy. It provides answers to a number of questions, such as: is Poland investing enough in research? Is Poland becoming a more attractive place to invest in research? Is Poland progressing towards the European Research Area and making its research system more competitive? The figures are not optimistic. In the last ten years, R&D investment in Poland has increased only by 0,04% in real terms to 0,67% GDP in 2009. At the same time, R&D intensity in Finland, Sweden and Denmark has increased considerably.