Lexikalische Archaismen im Märchen Die Karawane von Wilhelm Hauff
Lexical archaisms in Wilhelm Hauff’s fable Caravan
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The subject of this article are lexical archaisms presented in the fable Caravan by the German writer Wilhelm Hauff, who died in his prime. The purpose of the work is to find an answer to, among others, the following questions: How may the excerpted anachronistic vocabulary be divided? Which parts of speech do occur among the gathered archaisms and what is their structure? The analysed material is categorised into four groups: 1. lexemes with chronological label, 2. lexemes with chronological label and label concerning stylistic range, 3. anachronistic lexemes with label concerning stylistic range and 4. supposed archaisms. In three groups, nouns are the most frequently occurring parts of speech and only in the second group there are more verbs than nouns. Most of the nouns are basic words.
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