The purpose of this article is to analyze vocational teacher education in Sumy region in the second half of the 40-ies – 50-ies of the XXth century. Method: analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization. Results: the system of pedagogical educational establishments of Sumy region is characterized, the content of educational process in them is clarified. Practical value: the possibilities of creative use of the experience of professional-pedagogical establishments of Ukraine at the present stage are revealed. Conclusions and prospects for further research: the study found out that the restoration of educational institutions in Sumy region after the liberation from Nazi occupation began in 1943. In the Sumy region the system of professional pedagogical education consisted of Sumy Pedagogical Institute, Glukhiv, Konotop, Lebedyn teachers Institutes, Putyvl Pedagogical College. In 50-ies of the XXth century there was a reform of professional teacher education in the USSR, which also touched the educational institutions of Sumy region. In particular, ceased to exist Konotop Teachers Institute (it joined Glukhiv Pedagogical Institute), instead of Lebedyn Teachers Institute began the activities Lebedyn Pedagogical College. First post-war years were characterized by a constant increase in terms of recruitment of students and the lack of competition for teacher training programs. It is stressed that educational process in professional-pedagogical educational institutions of the Sumy region was based on a stable schedule. Subjects were taught according to the work programs discussed in the departments and approved by teaching departments. A negative impact on the content of the educational process in professional-pedagogical educational institutions of Sumy region had a common socio-political situation that prevailed in the USSR during the 40–50-ies of the XXth century, Great importance was given to the conduct of teaching practice. It was preceded by careful preparation and deep analysis of the results. Further study is required for the issues of organization of educational process (forms, methods, means) in the pedagogical educational establishments of Sumy region during the studied period.