vThe paper presents the situation of agricultural production cooperatives, mainly in terms of the number, from the beginning of their functioning (1949) to the turn of the years 1980-1990. The research shows that after an initial increase in the number of agricultural production cooperatives to 10.5 thousand of units (1956), there was a regression which prevails to this day. Currently there are 700 of agricultural production cooperatives. Agricultural cooperatives having about 0,5% of arable land in the country play a much greater role in the field of agricultural enterprises. In the previous system agricultural cooperatives were achieving higher production results in terms of yields of cereals and pig production compared to individual farms, but it was a production subsidized by the state. Currently agricultural cooperatives represent another type of multi-family farms with comparable production results to other agricultural economic entities.