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2014 | 1 | 77-89

Article title

Przedsiębiorczość społeczna: krytyczny przegląd koncepcji


Title variants

Social entrepreneurship: a critical review of the concept

Languages of publication



W niniejszym artykule podjęto probę analitycznej, krytycznej i syntetycznej oceny powszechnie stosowanego pojęcia przedsiębiorczość społeczna w kontekście znaczeń przypisywanych jego częściom składowym. Rozpatrywane oddzielnie określenia przedsiębiorczość oraz społeczny charakteryzują się dość szerokim zakresem użycia oraz istotnym zrożnicowaniem pod względem eksponowania celow społecznych, a także tego, co uważa się za istotne cechy przedsiębiorczości. Artykuł kończy się propozycją elastycznej defi nicji tego pojęcia: z przedsiębiorczością społeczną mamy do czynienia, gdy jakaś osoba lub osoby (1) wyłącznie lub w znacznym stopniu tworzą pewną wartość społeczną i realizują cele z nią związane poprzez (2) dostrzeganie i wykorzystywanie możliwości tworzenia takiej wartości, (3) wdrażanie innowacji, (4) podejmowanie ryzyka oraz (5) nieakceptowanie ograniczeń związanych z dostępnością zasobow.
This paper undertakes an analytical, critical and synthetic examination of “social entrepreneurship” in its common use, considering both the “social” and the entrepreneurship” elements in the concept. On both points there is a range of use, with signifi cant diff erences marked out by such things as the prominence of social goals and what are thought of as the salient features of entrepreneurship. The paper concludes with the proposal of a suitably fl exible explication of the concept: social entrepreneurship is exercised where some person or persons (1) aim either exclusively or in some prominent way to create social value of some kind, and pursue that goal through some combination of (2) recognizing and exploiting opportunities to create this value, (3) employing innovation, (4) tolerating risk and (5) declining to accept limitations in available resources.


  • University of Victoria
  • University of Victoria


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Publication order reference


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