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2012 | Tom IX (L), fasc. B | 313-318

Article title

Lębork (rynek), woj. pomorskie. Badania w roku 2011


Title variants

Lębork (the Market Square), the Pomorskie Voivodeship. Excavations in 2011

Languages of publication



Archaeological examinations of the former Market Square of the location town in Lębork were the first reconnaissance stage of works, aimed at identifying cultural layers and localising remains of the Gothic Town Hall (Figs. 1, 2). Six trenches were marked out and an undisturbed arrangement of cultural layers was found in them. Its thickness reached ca. 2 m. Modern Period and present-day layers were solely composed of sterile levelling sands. More important discoveries related to this period include a wooden well from the 16th and the 17th c., which was located at the mouth of Staromiejska street. Late medieval layers were composed of dark grey thin films of sand with organic waste, which were remains of usage of the square. Portable finds which were extracted from them come from the second half of the 14th and the first half of the 15th c., that is, from the initial period of the town’s history. In the then surface of the Market Square remains of wooden constructions were also discovered. These were dendrochronologically dated to the 1340s and the 1350s (figs. 1, 3). Their arrangement and way of constructing allow to assume that they were only punctual paddings of the surface of the square with planks, bark and twigs. In all probability, they were not large-scale constructions. These discoveries may also be evidence of use of the Market Square as a base for buildings which were constructed in plots. The analysis of the arrangement of layers and finds from the Market Square gives no grounds to reconstruct early medieval pre-location settlement in this area. The only remains of settlement (which was, however, considerably earlier) include prehistoric fragments of ceramic vessels. They were found at the level of primary humus of the terrain and they pointed to the existence of settlement of the Wielbark Culture people in this area. Completed works also allowed for an identification of foundations of buildings which were related to the former Town Hall of Lębork, pulled down in 1874 (STAŻEWSKI 2009: 319). Until present, only two foundation footings survived in the examined part of the Market Square. These are located more than 2 m under the present-day surface of the Market Square (figs. 1,4). On the other hand, only further examinations of remains of buildings will allow for an identification of the layout of the building. At present, it is only possible to say that it had no basement and its floor (limestone paved floor) was situated about 50 cm below the present-day level of the Market Square.






Physical description



  • BRUSKI K., 2009, Lębork w czasach średniowiecza, (w:) J. Borzyszkowski (red.), Dzieje Lęborka, Gdańsk - Lębork, 21-98.
  • LEMCKE H., 1911 DieBau- und Kunstdenkmaler des Regierungsbezirk Koslin, t. II/2: Die Kreise Butow undLauenberg, Stettin.
  • STARSKI M., 2011, sprawozdanie z I etapu badań archeologicznych przeprowadzonych w 2011 roku na terenie rynku miasta loka-cyjnego w Lęborku (działka 32), Warszawa (maszynopis w archiwum Zakładu Archeologii Późnego Śred¬niowiecza i Czasów Nowożytnych IA UW).
  • STAŻEWSKI M., 2009, Dzieje Lęborka 1815-1918, (w:) J. Borzyszkowski (red.), Dzieje Lęborka, Gdańsk - Lębork, 275-422.
  • WAŻNY T., 2012, Analiza dendrochronologiczna drewna ze stanowiska Lębork-Rynek (seria z 2011 r.), Toruń (maszynopis w archiwum Zakładu Archeologii Późnego Średniowiecza i Czasów Nowożytnych IA UW).

Document Type

Publication order reference


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