The author of the article shows that challenging the new God's People to participate in the work of evangelization that is called “new” is still topical, because of the intensification of old threats and appearance of new ones, to which the evangelization was supposed to be a response. It is also current in the light of John Paul II's teaching preached after the year 2000 and Benedict XVI's teaching, especially the teaching contained in his first two encyclicals. Paragraph I of the article talks about the origin, need and significant assumptions of the new evangelization. In the next one the topicality is demonstrated of the challenge directed to the faithful to put it into effect, and in the last one tasks are listed that those who work on the new evangelization face after the Church entered the third millennium. The author pays close attention to the fact that the necessity to intensify one's spiritual life is their essential task, as it is a special condition of efficiency of the work of the new evangelization.