The article is focused upon the issue of the tourism in Czechoslovakia after the WWII. The article depicts differences between the Czech Tourist Club (Klub českých turistů) and the Czechoslovak Tourist Society (Československá obec turistická) with respect to other development of the Czech tourism. The author analyses the statements that on the one side perceive touring as a part of the tourism and on the other perceive it as a part of the physical exercise. The text deals also with a political influence and standings of the political parties, first and foremost of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (Komunistická strana Československa). The work makes use of the archive sources from the Czech National Archive.