In the author’s opinion, the proposed exemption from tax health insurance contributions is more favorable to pensioners receiving higher pensions or disability pensions. This is not a proper way to improve the financial situation of pensioners. The changes privilege one group of pensioners, what may be considered as incompatible to the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. The bill is inconsistent with Article 18 of the TFEU regarding amendments to the Act on Personal Income Tax. In the current system of income taxation, the instrument that most completely fulfills the principles of universality, equality and tax justice is the tax-free allowance.