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2018 | 1(51) | 7-18
Article title

City Diplomacy

Authors
Title variants
PL
Dyplomacja miast
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Diplomacy is one of the oldest mechanisms of managing the international environment. It is traditionally associated with operation of the state. However, in contemporary times the parameters of the international environment have changed considerably. States are no longer the only entities participating in international relations. Along with states, sub-state actors (regions and cities) have emerged, as well as supra-state (the EU) and non-state entities. Sub-state actors go through the process of repositioning in the contemporary international order: from being an object of management to building their own subject status in this respect. In order to achieve this goal, they increasingly use mechanisms and instruments which were the sole domain of the state until recently. Despite substantial attention paid to regional diplomacy, academic discussion has focused less on the increasing role of cities in diplomacy. The paper aims to introduce the concept of city diplomacy. It will be argued that cities have become important actors on the world stage, that they have developed diplomatic apparatus, and that city diplomacy is becoming more and more professional diplomatic activity.
PL
Dyplomacja jest jednym z najstarszych mechanizmów sterowania środowiskiem międzynarodowym. Tradycyjnie kojarzona jest z działaniem państwa. Współcześnie jednak istotnie zmieniły się parametry funkcjonowania środowiska międzynarodowego. Państwa przestały być jedynymi podmiotami uczestniczącymi w stosunkach międzynarodowych. Obok państw pojawiają się aktorzy subpaństwowi (regiony, miasta), suprapaństwowi (UE ) oraz pozapaństwowi. Aktorzy subpaństwowi przechodzą proces repozycjonowania się we współczesnym porządku międzynarodowym: z przedmiotu zarządzania do budowy własnej podmiotowości w tym zakresie. W tym celu coraz intensywniej sięgają po mechanizmy i instrumenty, pozostające do niedawna w wyłącznej gestii państwa. W literaturze przedmiotu sporo miejsca poświęca się paradyplomacji regionów, natomiast dyplomacja miast, jak dotychczas nie doczekała się należytej uwagi w debacie akademickiej. Celem artykułu jest syntetyczne przedstawienie koncepcji dyplomacji miast, analiza ich wzrastającej roli jako aktorów międzynarodowych oraz weryfikacja tezy, że dyplomacja miast staje się coraz bardziej profesjonalną aktywnością dyplomatyczną.
Keywords
Contributors
author
  • Maria Curie-Sklodowska University
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Document Type
Publication order reference
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bwmeta1.element.desklight-c5014118-841a-4e84-bd7a-90bc5b7cef00
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