Problematyka istnienia i istoty w poglądach Tomasza z Sutton
The problem of the existence and essence in the views of Thomas of Sutton
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The aim of the article is to present an evolution of views of Thomas of Sutton concerning the problem of essence and existence, and also to trace the impact of views of Giles of Rome on this issue. Based on selected works of Thomas of Sutton, this text outlines the problem of the difference between essence and existence, especially in opposition to the views of Godfrey of Fontaines, who identified the existence of being with the act of its creation. Moreover, Thomas of Sutton should be considered one of the most faithful disciples of St. Thomas Aquinas. Although Thomas of Sutton used the language of Giles of Rome, he accurately grasped the idea of Thomas Aquinas. It therefore becomes clear that the dispute, which arose between Thomas of Sutton and Godfrey of Fontaines over proper description of existence and creation, was a consequence of their different understanding of essence and existence in created beings.
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