ТЕОРЕТИКО-МЕТОДОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ ПОДХОДЫ ПРЕПОДАВАНИЯ ОБЩЕМЕДИЦИНСКИХ И ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ЗНАНИЙ В ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКИХ ВЫСШИХ УЧЕБНЫХ ЗАВЕДЕНИЯХ
Theoretical and methodological approaches to the teaching of general medical and ecological knowledge in pedagogical universities.
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The article purpose is to justify the need to enhance the general medical and environmental knowledge among the students of pedagogical universities in connection with the environmental changing and the deterioration of general health. Research methods. Theoretical analysis of the literature, documentaries generalization, mathematical statistics are used by the author. Results and discussion. It is noted that during studying at high school the amount of healthy students decreases on average by 25%. The deterioration of the students’ youth general health is associated with many factors: changes in the living conditions and activity, the transition to a new type of studying as credit-modular system, decreasing of physical activity, increasing of nervous and psycho-emotional loads, changing in the social environment, the possibility of a parental control getting away, failure of day and a diet regime, the appearance of bad habits, the different negative changes in the environment, the deterioration of ecological state of many regions. As a result of the lack of a systematic attitude to health the students reduce the adaptive capability of their organisms; there is a depletion of its systems, especially the nervous and cardiovascular. The practical significance. A thorough study of the medical and biological disciplines and the knowledge continuity in the natural sciences can lead to a marked improvement and a positive result both each individual (the future teacher) and the younger generation – schoolchildren. Conclusions. The scheme of a professionally competent teacher person in the sphere of healthcare technologies formation is identified. Its requisites are the following: 1. Knowledge obtaining by the students, forming a positive attitude to their health. 2. The skills and knowledge acquisition on the basis of the obtained knowledge about healthkeeping. 3. The ability to transfer acquired knowledge, skills and experience in the sphere of healthcare technologies to schoolchildren. Perspectives for further research is disclosure of the medical and biological subjects’ information potential for the purpose of formation at the future teachers of active creative position in the sphere of younger generation healthcare technologies studying.
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